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About World Network of Island and Coastal Biosphere Reserves

1. Introduction

International Coordination Committee of Man and Biosphere Program (MAB ICC) has been encouraging the establishment of regional networks of biosphere reserves as a way to facilitate active and intimate cooperations among BRs located close to one another. As a result, 8 regional networks are in operation at present.

 

The importance of thematic networks, on the other hand, is emphasized in the Madrid Action Plan (MAP) which was adopted at the third World Congress of BRs in Madrid, 2008.

 

In line with the strategy of the MAP, Jeju BR had been proposing the formation of the World Network of Island and Coastal Biosphere Reserves (Network hereafter) on the ground that an international cooperation would be greatly beneficial in doing researches and developing efficient strategies to deal with the common issues shared by the BRs in these regions.

 

At the 21st session of MAB ICC, held in Jeju Island in 2009, Jeju BR and Menorca BR jointly presented a proposal to establish the Network. This proposal was voted into a resolution at the 22nd session of MAB ICC. As a way to put this resolution into practice, an agreement of mutual cooperation was sought and signed among UNESCO, Jeju Government, and Spain in June 2011 in Dresden.

 

The Network had its first international meeting in Menorca, Spain, in February 2012, the second in Jeju, Korea, in September 2012, and the third in the West Estonian Archipelago, Estonia, in May 2013.

 

At the first Network meeting in Menorca, it was decided to open up twin secretariat offices on Jeju and Menorca Islands. During the second meeting held in Jeju, an MOU was signed among UNESCO, Jeju Government, Menorca Government, Spanish National MAB Commission, and Korean National MAB Commission.

 

 

2. Network BR Members

85 BRs in 40 Countries (as of Oct 2018)

  • Argentina (Patagonia Azul BR, Valdés BR)
  • Australia (Noosa BR)
  • Brazil (Mata Atlantica BR)
  • Canada (Fundy BR)
  • Chile (Juan Fernandez Islands BR, Cabo de Hornos (Cape Horn) BR, Campana-Peñuelas BR)
  • China (Nanji Islands BR, Snake Island and Laotie Mountain BR)
  • Cuba (Baconao BR, Buenavista BR, Ciénaga de Zapata BR, Cuchillas del Toa BR, Península de Guanahacabibes BR) 
  • DPR Korea (Mount Kuwol BR, Mount Chilbo BR)
  • Ecuador (Macizo del Cajas BR, Archipiélago Colón - Galápagos BR)
  • Estonia (West-Estonian Archipelago BR)
  • Finland (Archipelago Sea Area BR)
  • France (Iles et Mer d’Iroise BR)
  • Germany (Wadden Sea and Hallin Islands BR, Waddensea of Hamburg BR, Waddensea of Lower Saxony BR) 
  • Haiti (La Selle BR)
  • Indonesia (Siberut BR, Wakatobi BR, Comodo Island)
  • Ireland (Dublin Bay)
  • Italy (Tepilora, Rio Posada and Montalbo BR)
  • Japan (Yakushima Island BR)
  • Lativia (North Vidzeme BR)
  • Madagascar (Sahamalaza Iles Radama BR) 
  • Maldives (Baa Atoll BR) 
  • Mauritius (Macchabee/Bel Ombre)  
  • Mexico (Sian Ka’an BR, El Vizcaíno BR, Ría Celestún BR, Ría Lagartos BR, Sistema Arrecifal Veracruzano BR, Islas Marietas BR, La Encrucijada BR, Cozumel BR, Islas del Golfo de California (Gulf of California Islands) BR)
  • Nicaragua (Isla de Ometepe BR)
  • Perú (Noroeste-Amotapes-Manglares BR) 
  • Philippines (Palawan BR)
  • Portugal (Santana Madeira BR, Corvo BR, Flores BR, Graciosa BR, Fajãs de São Jorge BR)
  • Republic of Korea (Gochang BR, Jeju Island BR, Shinan Dadohae BRs)
  • Russia (Commander Islands BR, Sikhote Alin BR) 
  • São Toméand Príncipe (The Island of Príncipe BR)
  • Spain (Lanzarote BR, Fuerteventura BR, Gran Canaria BR, La Palma BR, Menorca BR, El Hierro BR, Urdaibai BR, La Gomera BR, Macizo de Anaga, Tenerife BR, Terres de l'Ebre BR, Mariñas Coruñesas e Terras do Mandeo BR) 
  • South Africa (Cape West Coast BR, Kogelberg BR, Gouritz Cluster BR, Garden route BR)
  • St. Kitts and Nevis (St. Mary’s BR)
  • Sweden (Blekinge Archipelago BR)
  • Tanzania (Jozani-Chwaka Bay BR)
  • Tunisia (Zembra and Zembretta Islands BR)
  • United Kingdom (Brighton & Lewes Downs BR, Isle of Man BR, North Devon BR)
  • Vietnam (Cat Ba Archipelago BR, Can Gio Mangrove BR, Red River Delta BR)
  • Yemen (Socotra Archipelago BR)